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General Rafael E. Melgar Collection, 1913-1959

By Christine Hernández, April 2013

Collection Overview

Title: General Rafael E. Melgar Collection, 1913-1959

ID: Manuscripts/Collection 151

Creator: General Rafael E. Melgar (1913-1959)

Extent: 42.0 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

53 Hollinger boxes and 3 Oversize folders

The collection is arranged as follows:

A. Military Papers Box 1: Military Career in the Mexican Revolution of 1910 (Folders 1 – 10)

B. Early Political Career (1924 – 1933) Unbound materials (Boxes 2 - 5) and 28 bound volumes.

C. Mid-Political Career (1935 – 1949) Unbound materials (Boxes 6 - 16) and 28 bound volumes.

D. Late Political Career (1950 – 1959) Unbound materials (Boxes 17 - 24) and 6 bound volumes.

E. Papers of ANAR (Alianza Nacional de Agrupaciones Revolucionarias) Boxes 25-39

F. Later life Box 40: Later projects, personal correspondence, and legacy (Folders 1 – 8)

G. Scrapbooks, notebooks, and newspapers Boxes 41-44

H. Loose photographs Boxes 45-46

I. Photograph albums Boxes 47-49

J. Oversize photographic materials Boxes 50-52; Rolls 1 - 3

K. Oversize documents Box 53

L. Printed ephemera and artwork Flat file folder 1

M. Maps Flat file folder 2

Scope and Contents of the Materials

1913-1959. Extensive collection of personal and political papers of General Rafael E. Melgar (1887-1959) who fought in Mexico’s Revolution (1910-1920) and then entered politics to serve in various offices including congressional representative from Oaxaca, campaign manager for Lázaro Cárdenas, governor of the Territory of Quintana Roo, Senator from Oaxaca, and as the Mexican ambassador to Holland. 42 linear feet.

A collection guide is available in pdf format.

The collection consists of the personal, military, and political correspondence and documents of General Rafael E. Melgar who was born in Oaxaca in 1887. Melgar fought in the Mexican Revolution as a young man attaining the rank of Brigade General. After leaving the military, he went on to a long and successful career as a politician serving in various legislative and administrative posts at the state and federal levels in Mexico. The vast majority of the materials in the General Rafael E. Melgar collection document his political career. Diverse print and photographic materials are available unbound or bound in 60 large format volumes and 11 bound scrapbooks. Available for research are official correspondence, government documents, press releases, accounts, ledgers, manuscripts, photographs, pamphlets, newspapers, newspaper clippings, books, and various forms of printed ephemera documenting the planning, development, and realization of Melgar’s political ambitions, ideology, relationships, and numerous activities on the national, state, and municipal levels. The collection touches on every aspect of Rafael Melgar’s political life: the administration and practice on a regional and national level of the plans of the Cárdenas regime; development of the predominant political parties in twentieth century Mexico (Partido Nacional Revolucionario and Partido Revolucionario Institucional), Alianza Nacional de Agrupaciones Revolucionarias (ANAR), and others; campaign and election processes; economic and commercial development; expansion and modernization of Mexico; and the formation of modern Mexican national identity.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Open to the public. No known restrictions.


Box and Folder Listing

Box 1: Military Career in the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920sAdd to your cart.
Box 2: Political Correspondence from 1924-1935Add to your cart.
Box 3: Nationalist CampaignsAdd to your cart.
Box 4: Telegrams and other correspondence regarding the Manifiesto Cardenista and the 1933 presidential campaign for General Lazaro CardenasAdd to your cart.
Box 5: Telegrams, documents and other correspondance regarding the 1934 presidential campaign for General Lazaro CardenasAdd to your cart.
Box 6: Governorship of Quintana Roo (1935-1941)Add to your cart.
Box 7: Establishment of Cooperatives in the Territory of Quintana Roo by the Melgar Administration, 1935-1940Add to your cart.
Box 8: Transcripts of newspaper articles, mostlz published in La Marcha, on the accomplishments and highlights of Melgar's governorship of Quintana Roo, 1935-1940Add to your cart.
Box 9: Melgar's Political Correspondence from 1941-1944Add to your cart.
Box 10: Correspondence and actas supporting Melgar's candidacy for Governor of Oaxaca in the upcoming election in 1944 and the Guelaguetza FestivalAdd to your cart.
Box 11: Guelaguetza festival in Mexico D.F., 1944-1945Add to your cart.
Box 12: Documents related to Melgar's appointment as Ambassador to the Netherlands in 1946Add to your cart.
Box 13: Ambassadorial correspondence, 1946-1947Add to your cart.
Box 14: Ambassadorial correspondence, 1947-1949Add to your cart.
Box 15: Research and essays on cooperatives in the Netherlands, 1950sAdd to your cart.
Box 16: Melgar's essay on cooperatives in the Netherlands, Europe, and abroad and its impact on politics, economics, and foreign affairsAdd to your cart.
Box 17: Rafael E.Melgar's election to the Mexican Senate representing Oaxaca , 1950sAdd to your cart.
Box 18: Senatorial correspondence, 1953Add to your cart.
Box 19: Senatorial correspondence, 1954-1956Add to your cart.
Box 20: Correspondence asking Senator Melgar for political favors, support, or employment, 1954-1955Add to your cart.
Box 21: Senatorial correspondence, 1955-1959Add to your cart.
Box 22: Melgar's senatorial projects in the 1950sAdd to your cart.
Box 23: Senatorial documents and correspondence, 1950sAdd to your cart.
Box 24: Manuscripts written by Rafael E.Melgar during the early 1950sAdd to your cart.
Box 25: ANAR membership pages, 1951Add to your cart.
Box 26: Bills and receipts for 1951Add to your cart.
Box 27: Correspondence for 1951Add to your cart.
Box 28: Correspondence for 1951, continuedAdd to your cart.
Box 29: Press bulletins, convention documents, and correspondence, 1951Add to your cart.
Box 30: ANAR Memberhsip pages, 1952Add to your cart.
Box 31: ANAR Membership pages, 1952, continuedAdd to your cart.
Box 32: ANAR Membership pages, 1952, continuedAdd to your cart.
Box 33: ANAR Membership pages, 1952, continuedAdd to your cart.
Box 35: Bills and receipts for 1952, continuedAdd to your cart.
Box 36: Bills and receipts for 1952, continuedAdd to your cart.
Box 37: Correspondence for 1952Add to your cart.
Box 38: General correspondence, minutes, and ideologyAdd to your cart.
Box 39: Frente Revolucionario de Accion Social party (FRAS)Add to your cart.
Box 40: Later projects, personal correspondence, and the legacy of Rafael E.MelgarAdd to your cart.
Box 41: Scrapbook and notebookAdd to your cart.
Box 42: Quintana Roo scrapbooksAdd to your cart.
Box 43: ANARnotebooksAdd to your cart.
Box 44: El NacionalAdd to your cart.
Box 45: Photographs highlighting major events in the political life of Rafael E.MelgarAdd to your cart.
Box 46: Photographs of the Adolfo Ruiz Cortines campaign ralliesAdd to your cart.
Box 47: Campaña NacionalistaAdd to your cart.
Box 48: Rafael E.Melgar's tours of the Territory of Quintana Roo, c.1930sAdd to your cart.
Box 49: Establishing the frontier between the Territory of Quintana Roo and British Honduras, c.1930sAdd to your cart.
Box 34: Bills and receipts for 1952Add to your cart.
Box 50: Mounted photographsAdd to your cart.
Box 51: Loose photographsAdd to your cart.
Box 52: Loose photographsAdd to your cart.
Box 53: Loose documentsAdd to your cart.
Series 1: BooksAdd to your cart.
List of books removed from the collection for cataloguing into the Latin American Library's Rare book holdings.
Book 1: El Servicio Militar Obligatorio, 1940Add to your cart.
Book 2: Sesión Solemne, 1952Add to your cart.
Book 3: Declaraciones Fundamentales de los Derechos Humanos, 1950Add to your cart.
Book 4: El Derecho de Asilo en Indias, 1930Add to your cart.
Book 5: Bloque de Profesionistas e Intelectuales Revolucionarios de Oaxaca, 1956Add to your cart.
Book 6: Yucatán, Home of the Gifted Maya, 1936Add to your cart.
Book 7: Madre Tierra Poemas al Ejido, 1933Add to your cart.
Book 8: Teoria Logica de la Musica, 1938Add to your cart.
Book 9: Oaxaca en el Siglo 20, 1956Add to your cart.
Book 10: Catálogo General de la Gran Feria Nacionalista de la Ciudad de México "Fin de Año", 1932Add to your cart.
Book 11: Dos Aspectos de la Obra del Gobierno, 1935-1940Add to your cart.
Book 12: Breve Historia de CozumelAdd to your cart.
Book 13: Breve Historia de CozumelAdd to your cart.
Book 14: "El charro" La construcción de un estereotipo nacional, 1920-1940Add to your cart.
Book 15: Estudio y Resoluciones sobre el Problema Agrario Bajo la Administracion del C. Presidente de la Republica, Ing. Pascual Ortiz Rubio, 1957Add to your cart.
Book 16: Un Pueblo y Hombre, 1940Add to your cart.
Book 17: La Campaña Nacionalista , 1965Add to your cart.
Book 18: Calendario Nacionalista y Enciclopedia Nacional Popular para el Año de 1934Add to your cart.
Book 19: Memoria del Primer Congreso de Cooperativas del Territorio de Quintana Roo, 1940Add to your cart.
Book 20: Silk Raising in Colonial Mexico, 1943Add to your cart.
Book 21: El Servicio Militar Obligatorio, 1940Add to your cart.
Book 22: Por un Mundo Libre, 1943Add to your cart.
Book 23: En Torno a un Hombre Ruiz Cortines. Una Nueva Filosofía del Mando, 1952Add to your cart.
Book 24: Conditions de l'Admission d'un État comme Membre des Nations Unies (Article 4 de la Charte), 1948Add to your cart.
Book 25: La Educacion Socialista en Mexico (Antecedentes y Fundamentos de la Reforma de 1934), 1943Add to your cart.
Book 26: Alianza de Partidos Socialistas de la Republica , 1926Add to your cart.
Book 27: Iluminacion Nacionalista por Rafael Sanchez Lira, 1957Add to your cart.